Đề cương ôn tập học kì 2 môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 11

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  1. ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP HỌC KÌ 2 MÔN TIẾNG LỚP 11 A. TRÁC NGHIỆM 1. Pronunciation Choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. 1. A. prevent B. injure C. sugar D. fitness 2. A. healthy B. consume C. diet D. headache 3. A. familiar B. generate C. assignment D. pollutant 4. A. cultural B. heritage C. memory D. represent 5. A. religious B. masterpiece C. prestigious D. abundant 6. A. college B. degree C. language D. subject 2. Vocabulary a. Vocabulary Choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. 1. ___ courses should teach practical skills in addition to critical thinking. A. Academic B. vocational C. Analytical D. Primary 2. How long is your medical ___ in this hospital? A. internship B. scholarship C. graduation D. major 3. Most of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long was demolished in the early 20th century. A. built up B. pulled down C. put up D. pulled up 4. Although some of the structures are now ___, most of the significant existing monuments have been partially restored. A. in danger B. at risk C. in ruins D. at war 5 Land erosion is mainly caused by widespread A. afforestation B. deforestation C. reforestation D. lawn mowing 6. Deforestation is one of the biggest environmental . to the ecological balance in the world A. threats B. safety C. sureties D. advantages 7. The biggest cause of global warming is carbon dioxide . From coal burning power plants. A. varieties B. contributions C. emissions D. assortments 8. 8. A healthy lifestyle includes having a diet and good personal hygiene A. nutritous B. sustainalbe C. helpful D. unpolluted 9. The tombs are part of our historical A. heritage B. traditions C. dynasty D. scenery 10. Pollution and heavy traffic are common problems in cities A. rural B. urban C. overcrowded D. ancient 11. The old houses have been pulled down in order to build a modern residential___. A. complex B. heritage C. dynasties D. excavations 12. A lot of ___ from ancient times are on display at the national heritage museum. A. liveable B. relics C. sustainable D. inhabitant b. Preposition 1. Human activities are also blamed ___ having contributed to global warming. A. for B. on C. at D. with 2. He was suspected ___ having received presents from the local companies and ignored their violations of the environmental law. A. on B. for C. about D. of
  2. 4. READING A. Cloze text Exercise 1. Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Over the next 20 to 50 years, it will become harder to tell the (1) ___ between the human and the machine. All, body (2) ___ will be replaceable. Computers will function like the human (3) ___ with the ability to recognize feelings and respond in a feeling way. They will then produce fake people. We will then be able to create a machine duplicate of ourselves (4) ___ we will appear to be alive long after we are dead. Maybe a few decades later, a way will be found to transfer our spirit, including our memories and thoughts, to the new body. 1. A. variety B. change C. difference D. appearance 2. A. region B. place C. role D. parts 3. A. brain B. limb C. skull D. liver 4. A. such B. as C. so D. but Exercise 2. Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Consequences of Global Warming on Wildlife Increasing global temperatures are expected to (1) ___ ecosystems, pushing extinction to those species that cannot adapt. The first comprehensive assessment of the extinction risk (2) ___ global warming found that more than 1 million species could be extinctive by 2050 if the current rate continues. A recent study of (3) ___ 2,000 species of plants and animals discovered movement toward the poles at an average rate 3.8 miles per decade. The latest climate change report found that approximately 20 to 30 percent of plant and animal species assessed so far are likely to be at (4) ___ risk of extinction if global average temperature increases by more than 2.7 to 4.5 degree Fahrenheit. Some polar bears are drowning because they have to swim longer distances to reach ice floes. 1. A. endanger B. benefit C. harm D. use 2. A. to B. from C. off D. on 3. A. nearly B. near C. relatively D. wealthy 4. A. declined B. born C. presented D. increased Exercise 3. Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. GOING ON A DIET A typical person needs about 1,800 calories per day to stay running. They keep your organs operating (1) ___and your brain running. They also keep your body warm. A person gains weight because he or she consumes more calories per day than (2) ___ . The only way to lose fat is to reduce the (3) ___ of calories that you consume per day. This is the basic principle (4) ___ going on a diet. Unfortunately, diets don't work for most people. They do lose weight but then go off the diet and put it back. Building a sensible diet and exercise plan is the key to maintaining a consistent weight. 1. A. proper B. properly C. improper D. improperly 2. A. necessity B. need C. needed D. necessary 3. A. number B. amount C. deal D. plenty 4. A. behind B. beside C. inside D. outside B. Reading comprehension Exercise 1: Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer: THE MUSCLES IN OUR BODY Our human body is made up of many muscles. All these muscles work together to help you move. They form the muscle system. 650 muscles are wrapped around your bones. They basically cover the bones like a blanket. Muscles are fastened to the bones by tough bands. These bands are
  3. 1. Which of the following is probably the best title of the passage? A. Employment Opportunities and Prospects in Germany B. Higher Education System in Germany C. Dual Vocational Training System in Germany D. Combination of Theory and Practice in Studying in Germany 2. The word "it" in the first paragraph refers to ___. A. company B. machinery C. knowledge D. organisation 3. Which of the following statements best describes the dual vocational training programmes? A. These programmes consist of an intensive theoretical course of two and a half years at a vocational school. B. These programmes require you to have only practical working time at a certain company. C. These programmes offer you some necessary technical skills to do your future job. D. These programmes provide you with both theoretical knowledge and practical working experience. 4. The word "hands-on” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ___. A. theoretical B. practical C. technical D. integral Exercise 3: Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer: Everyday life today is much more complicated than in the past. Even in our leisure time we have to make so many choices about what to do or even what to watch on TV. We are often spoilt for choice and this can leave us feeling confused and dissatisfied. We all know that it is important to achieve a balance between work and play, but many of us do not succeed. Instead, we put extra pressure on ourselves by trying to be as successful as in our work life as in our personal life. Life in the past was much simplier as many people worked to meet their basic needs. Today, for many of us, our job is not just a way of making a living. For many, work plays an important role in our everyday life and gives us a strong sense of personal fulfilment. What’s more, we have become much more materialistic. Many people set themselves goals such as buying a new house or car and so we measure our success by the material things we own. Desiring these luxuries is what motivates us to work much harder than in the past, so in many ways we choose this way of life. We have worked hard to improve our standard of living, but it may have come at a very high price. We need to make some changes in our priorities so that family occasions are as important as business meetings. We should also take every possible opportunity to enjoy our leisure time. Once you have made the decision to do this, you should find that your quality of life also improves. 1: What is the passage mainly about? A. Good qualities of life today and in the past B. Ways people today balance their work life and personal life C. Distinction between life today and in the past D. Basic needs for people today and in the past 2: According to the passage, people today have to work much harder to meet all the following basic needs EXCEPT ___. A. personal fulfilment B. materialistic life C. luxurious lifestyle D. simpler life 3: The word ''this'' in paragraph 3 refers to ___. A. making some changes B. enjoying our leisure time C. working hard D. improving living standards 4: Everyday life today is not as easy as in the past because ___. A. people work to make their own living B. people want to live more materialistically C. people work to satisfy their various needs D. people want to buy a new house or car